All posts by Absaroka

Bozeman MT – Town of High Prices

Bozeman is a very expensive city for travelers.  A local hotel recently charged $339 for a one night stay in late September. At one restaurant on Main Street a simple buffalo burger with coffee cost $20.13 (including tip).  A car rental (Wednesday to Wednesday) in September, from a local new car dealership, for a Chevy Malibu cost $591.43.  One visitor offers, “visitors to Bozeman should plan to leave their wallets behind when they drive out of town.”

Grizzly Bear Science

High interest and much progress in grizzly bear science is reported in a recent technical paper by John Sandy.  This research appears in the journal Science & Technology Libraries.


Grizzly bears inhabit wilderness areas in the northwestern region of the lower forty-eight states, western Canada, and areas of Alaska. Because of the settlement of the west and loss of prime habitat, populations declined rapidly in the nineteenth century, and in 1975 federal action was taken to protect grizzlies under the Endangered Species Act. Since 1950 about 722 technical papers have been written on the grizzly bear. Major research has focused on ecology, conservation, reproductive biology, behavior, dietetics, anatomy, and physiology, among other topics. Due to geographic distribution of the species, much of the research has been carried out by authors and organizations in western regions of the United States and Canada where major grizzly populations exist. A significant number of technical papers appear in three key journals: Ursus, the Journal of Wildlife Management, and the Canadian Journal of Zoology. According to data in WorldCat, about 1,167 records, covering monographs and technical reports, contain information on grizzlies and present research findings. The bulk of monographs appeal mainly to a general audience. However, citation analysis reveals a core of highly cited technical papers, many written with an emphasis on special themes or topics, whereas others focus on the grizzly itself, all together advancing the science on this species.

Keywords:  Grizzly bear, Ursus arctos horribilis , brown bear, zoology, ecology, wildlife, Yellowstone ecosystem, conservation, recovery, bibliography, citation analysis, Alaska, California, Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, Washington

Little Bighorn Battlefield, Montana

A new technical paper on Little Bighorn Battlefield is ready for readers.  Just released.  Abstract of paper is  shown below.  This technical paper is a preprint on deposit in the Institutional Repository at The University of Alabama.


Characterization of Geographical Aspects of the Landscape and Environment in the Area of the Little Bighorn Battlefield, Montana

John H. Sandy

 Abstract:  On June 24, 1876, a large military force of the United States Army 7th Cavalry converged on the lower Little Bighorn Valley in the Montana Territory, aiming to capture a large number of Native Americans.  A major military battle ensued over the following two days.  The landscape near the Little Bighorn Battlefield is both gentle and very rugged.  The upland to the east of the Little Bighorn Valley is highly dissected by a complex drainage system, consisting of ravines, coulees, and ridges.  Elevations from the valley floor to the upland change as much as 340 feet.  The slope in parts of the upland is greater than 10 degrees, and in rugged areas of the bluffs and along some ravines and other erosional features in excess of 30 degrees. The Little Bighorn Valley itself is a gentle northward sloping plain, with the Little Bighorn River flowing to the east side of the valley adjacent to the upland.  Local vegetation of the area is highly diverse, bearing a close relationship to the physiographic features, hydrology, and climate of this area.  Certain characteristics of the Little Bighorn River and the bordering riparian zone add to the diversity of the landscape.  A brief analysis suggests ways that elements of the landscape and environment affected the course of the battle.

Keywords:   Little Bighorn Battlefield, physiography, weather, topography, vegetation, Montana, military history, Lakota Sioux, Northern Cheyenne, U.S. Army, George Custer, Crazy Horse, Sitting Bull

Montana Farmer’s Markets, for Tourists too

Montana Farmer’s markets sell mainly to locals, but travelers and tourists can find some very good fresh fruits and vegetables at these places too.  Farmer’s markets are located in most major Montana cities.  Think of food from local Farmer’s markets as an alternative to dining out for three meals a day.  Sure Montana has many great restaurants, but travelers and tourists can save money and get great nutrition at the same time when buying food at farmer’s markets.  That you help independent farmers make a little extra money is nice as well.  Search to find where to shop for some very wholesome food.

Web Address Bozeman.MT (Montana) Launches this Week


For immediate release

Categories: travel; tourism; business; lifestyle

This week launches a boutique Web address, Bozeman.MT.  With Bozeman.MT users have another way to find Montana Traveler on the Web.  This new, easy to remember, Web address looks and sounds Montana down home.  It’s a great way to focus travelers and others on Bozeman local.  Lots of good information about Bozeman displays on the site.  And, of course, all the stuff Montana Traveler offers to sophisticated travelers is available as well.  The site’s custom search engine is an added bonus and shares specifics on things to do and places to dine and stay as described by Montana’s travel businesses.   Montana Traveler is the leading Website covering the best things related to travel in Montana. 

Montana Traveler is on the Internet at www.Bozeman.MT  and


John Sandy, publisher, Montana Traveler

Montana vacation search engine for tourists

Just in time for the 2018 travel season, Montana Traveler launches a high performance custom search engine this week aimed at Montana tourists. The new search engine runs off the Google Custom platform and is on the Web at a special Web address: General searches in major commercial search engines can produce a lot of clutter. Not so with The iYaak database is highly selective, including mainly local Montana websites. This makes search highly efficient and returns complete relevance in search results. iYaak defines wants and needs of tourists quite broadly. If someone seeks a different kind of lodging experience such as a vacation rental or a cabin in the wilderness, delivers. Some tourists may want to look like a cowboy or cowgirl. If so, iYaak guides them to major stores that sell western wear. Montana culture is part of what’s retrieved in iYaak search, too. Museums and art galleries are easily discovered in iYaak. And in case fido has an emergency, iYaak points travelers to a few Vets in Bozeman, Missoula and other major cities. iYaak finds more tradition services too, such as restaurants and hotels., the parent site for, is a premium Montana website for travelers and tourists. Web pages in Montana Traveler feature most cities in Montana, big and small. Other Montana Traveler pages showcase major geographic regions in Montana. The author and publisher of Montana Traveler, offers a special perspective of Montana sure to please most travelers.

Cabin Rentals Montana

Staying close to nature is a special way to experience Montana.  In the Bitterroot Valley, south of Missoula, a rental cabin is the way to go.  Cabins are private, in scenic areas, and away from the busy side of life. can help you choose from many extra nice properties.   Cabins can sleep four (4) or more and range from 1 to 4 bedrooms.  A plus, some cabins are pet friendly.  Great for a family get-away.

MTbest™ tip from Montana Traveler

Bozeman Hot Springs

Some tourists while in Bozeman, Montana enjoy Bozeman Hot Springs.  This is a great place to relax in one or more of their 12 pools.  Bozeman Hot Springs is a full fitness facility too.  This business is located about 8 miles west of Bozeman.   Enjoy!

» MTbest™ tip from Montana Traveler

Red Ants Pants Music Festival

The Red Ants Pants Musical Festival is pure fun for all.  The festival is this summer in White Sulphur Springs, Montana, July 26-29, 2018.  Entertainment of all kinds makes this festival so enjoyable:  music, hayrides, dance, kids’ tent, a beer garden, and more with plenty of good food for everyone.  Early Bird tickets open April 17, 2018.    Stay informed with the festival’s newsletter:

Treat yourself and go!!

» MTbest™ tip from Montana Traveler