Yellowstone National Park

Yellowstone National Park is wild and beautiful as it’s been for thousands of years. Nature reigns supreme in Yellowstone.

Yellowstone sign
Yellowstone National Park North Entrance near Gardiner. MT. Photo by Jim Peaco, courtesy National Park Service.

Yellowstone’s landscape is heavily forested. The most common trees are lodge pole pine, fir, spruce, and aspen. A few years ago, major forest fires burned thousands of acres of forest in Yellowstone. Today, recovery is well underway and millions of young trees blanket the mountains and valleys.

Many species of wildlife call Yellowstone home. Elk, buffalo, bighorn sheep, gray wolves, grizzly bears, and black bears live in various areas of the Park. Mountain lions and coyotes are common too. Many species of birds, such as osprey and bald eagles, soar in the skies over Yellowstone.

Grizzly bear
Grizzly bear. Photo by Jim Peaco, courtesy National Park Service.

Hayden Valley between Canyon Junction and Fishing Bridge is a prime spot to view wildlife. During the summer, a huge herd of buffalo with young calves is often seen grazing along the Yellowstone River. A must see.

Buffalo Yellowstone
Thousands of Buffalo live in Yellowstone. Vast herds can be viewed in Hayden Valley in mid-summer. Photo courtesy National Park Service.

Gray wolves are secretive and hard to find. Some prowl in the Hayden and Lamar Valleys. The chance of seeing a pack of wolves is best during early morning hours.

Gray wolf
Gray Wolf, photo by John and Karen Hollingsworth, courtesy U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Yellowstone Park is famous for its numerous geysers, hot springs, and fumaroles. Old Faithful is Yellowstone’s best know geyser. Seeing Old Faithful erupt and shoot million of gallons of steaming hot water hundreds of feet high is an experience long remembered.

Steamboat geyser, located in another area of the park, is even more spectacular. Steamboat geyser is less active than Old Faithful, erupting only about once a week. But when Steamboat blows, hot steamy water shoots high into the sky as much as 377 feet.

Old Faithful Yellowstone
Old Faithful geyser erupts in Yellowstone National park. Photo courtesy Sandy Garrison, sandygarrisonphotography dot com.

Yellowstone Lake, in the southeastern part of the Park, is popular.   The lake is about 20 miles long and 14 miles wide. Fishermen seek to catch cutthroat trout and other trout species in the lake. A boat launch is nearby.

Numerous services, such as lodging (Yellowstone Lake Hotel and Yellowstone Lake Lodge), food service, store, and a gas station are available along the shores of Yellowstone Lake. As for activities, some visitors enjoy a one-hour cruise on the lake aboard the Lake Queen.

The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone River is a premier attraction in Yellowstone. The river flows through a deep gorge, cut into layers of yellow-colored rocks. Near Canyon Village, the river cascades over the Lower Falls of the Yellowstone. Osprey nest in the conifers high above the river’s gorge.

Lower Falls of Yellowstone River
Majestic Lower Falls of Yellowstone River. Photo courtesy U.S. National Park Service.

Travel tip: Yellowstone National Park is a big place, about 62 miles (100 km) across from north to south and 54 miles (87 km) from east to west, so plan your time carefully, when driving to and inside the Park.

Horseback riding is a great way to experience the wilds and scenery of Yellowstone. Starting from Gardiner, Montana at the Park’s north entrance, Yellowstone Roughriders, a company operating in Gardiner, will take you for half- or full-day rides in the Park. Overnight pack trips and drop camps are another option if back to nature is of your liking. Half-day rides are only $120 per person. Motorized travel is the most common way to see Yellowstone, but, better yet, Yellowstone Roughriders offers the ultimate Yellowstone experience. (406) 559-0969.

Horseback riding in Yellowstone goes back as early as the late 1800s. An most interesting account of such is chronicled in a book Through the Yellowstone Park on Horseback, written by George Wingate in 1886. Aside from the horseback riding adventure, this book is a nice historical account of Yellowstone travel in the early days of the park.

Distance of gateway cities to Yellowstone Park entrances

  • West Yellowstone, MT to Yellowstone – 20 feet (6 m).  Yellowstone Park entrance and the city limits of West Yellowstone are separated only by Boundary Avenue.
  • Red Lodge. MT to Yellowstone – 68 miles (109 km). This route goes up the spectacular Beartooth Highway, a road built into the mountains.
  • Gardiner, MT to Yellowstone – 1 mile (1.6 km). Experience Mammoth Hot Springs near the entrance to the Park.
  • Cody, WY to Yellowstone – 52 miles (84 km). This too is a scenic route, the road follows a path up into the mountains.
  • Jackson, WY to Yellowstone – 57 miles (92 km). Jackson is a destination for celebrities and, as such, has much to offer visitors.
Yellowstone entrances
Map of Yellowstone showing roads and points of interest. Map shows five entrances to the park, three in Montana and two in Wyoming. Map courtesy National park Service.

Yellowstone Parkway:

When choosing an entrance to Yellowstone, visitors often start from Livingston, Montana and follow U.S. Highway 89 south to the town of Gardiner.  Gardiner is a wonderful small town with much to offer tourists and is at the north entrance to Yellowstone. If starting from Bozeman, travel along U.S. Highway 89 from Livingston to Gardiner may be the best route to enter the park. The distance from Livingston to Gardiner is 53 miles (85 km).

U.S. Highway 89, passes through an area know as Paradise Valley. The Yellowstone River, wild and free, flows down the valley from its headwaters at the southern margin of Yellowstone. The spectacular Absaroka and Gallatin Mountains tower above Paradise Valley. 

Livingston (pop. 7,401) is an old railroad town that hasn’t changed much in the past 100 years. Still attractions abound. The Yellowstone Gateway Museum is a popular stop to learn Montana history. Excellent art galleries are found downtown. Don’t miss Don Bailey’s Fly Shop for everything fly fishing. The stock of fly patterns and fly fishing gear is absolutely amazing.

Livingston is vacation headquarters. Outfitters offer horseback riding, float trips, wildlife viewing, fishing and other outdoor activities. Dude ranches are a big attraction in this part of Montana. An extra nice guest ranch is the Mountain Sky Guest Ranch near Emigrant. The Livingston Area Chamber of Commerce puts together a nice package of materials with highlights on things to do and see in Livingston and surrounding area.

For premium lodging, stay at the all new Sage Lodge about 25 miles south of Livingston on U.S. 89. Dining on site. (855) 400-0505.The Murray Hotel in Livingston is another good choice. (406) 222-1350.The 2nd Street Bistro in the Murray Hotel downtown offers the best dinning experience in Livingston. For a tasty treat, breakfast and lunch, try Pinky’s Café.

In Paradise Valley, two highways run south from Livingston towards Yellowstone National Park. U.S. Highway 89, located generally on the west side of the Yellowstone River, is the main highway and it carries most of the heavier traffic. Starting a few miles south of Livingston, East River Road, Montana Route 540, branches off to the east of U.S. Highway 89 and continues south on the east side of the Yellowstone River for about 31 miles until it reconnects with U.S. Highway 89.

Montana Route 540 is a very scenic drive, as the road runs close to the flank of the towering Absaroka Mountains. The highway offers wonderful views of Paradise Valley, the Yellowstone River, and the Gallatin Mountains, which flank the west side of Paradise Valley. Traffic on Montana Route 540 is usually light and moves more slowly, giving travelers a chance to view the full beauty and grandeur of Paradise Valley. If travel time is not an issue, taking this scenic road is very rewarding, an experience that creates life-time memories of Montana.

Chico Hot Springs Resort is just off U.S. Highway 89 near Emigrant, and about mid-way between Livingston and Gardiner. Founded in 1900, Chico offers a variety of lodging, two open-air mineral hot springs pools, several dining options, and a Tasting Room. A day spa and other activities make Chico a fun and exciting destination. (406) 333-4933.

Gardiner (pop. 875) is on U.S Highway 89, almost on the border of Yellowstone’s north entrance. Upon entering the park, visitors are greeted by the famous Roosevelt Arch.  Wording on the arch proclaims, “For the Benefit and Enjoyment of the People.”  The famous Mammoth Hot Springs in Yellowstone is a skip down the road from the Roosevelt Arch.

Some visitors stay overnight in Gardiner and then get an early morning start into Yellowstone. Gardiner does not have an abundance of lodging, so you may want to book early.

Favorite Gardiner Lodging:
Park Hotel Yellowstone (406) 223-7007;
Yellowstone Gateway Inn (406) 848-7100;
Yellowstone Village Inn (406) 848-7418

Favorite Gardiner Restaurants:
Antler Pub & Grill;
Yellowstone Grill
Lighthouse Restaurant

Travel tip:  Readers of this site should note that the name “Yellowstone Parkway” is not an official designation for this part of U.S. Highway 89, only a name used by this Web site to highlight this popular route to Yellowstone.

Beartooth Highway

The Beartooth Highway is another great route to start a journey to Yellowstone National Park. Near the small town of Red Lodge (pop. 2,237), U.S. Highway 212 goes south up into the Beartooth Mountains. Leaving Red Lodge, the highway follows a narrow valley with Rock Creek beside the highway and flowing north down from high mountains.

After many miles of weaving back and forth, often through switchbacks, Beartooth Highway reaches a high mountain plateau (at about 10,947 feet elevation), not far from the northeast entrance to Yellowstone. The distance from Red Lodge to Yellowstone is about 68 miles.

As you near Yellowstone on U.S. Highway 212, you’ll pass through the small village of Cooke City. Some services are available in Cooke city, including lodging.

Charles Kuralt of CBS Sunday Morning “On the Road” fame for many years called the Beartooth Highway “the most beautiful roadway in America.” It should be remembered that Mr. Kuralt had a long-time mistress living at a cabin in western Montana, all the while his wife lived back in New York City. But this is not, in any way, a reason to doubt Mr. Kuralt’s praise  of the Beartooth Highway.

Red Lodge is one of Montana’s best small towns. Red Lodge is located at the foot of the Beartooth Mountains and, aside from being a gateway to Yellowstone, is a premier mountain community. Red Lodge serves as a business hub for a large ranching area along the north flank of the Beartooth Mountains.  Recreational opportunities are amazing near Red Lodge. Hiking and fishing are popular. During the winter Red Lodge Mountain ski resort draws huge crowds.

Red Lodge is buzzing year-round. Many shops cater to tourists who pass through town. Stores offer the usual, such as t-shirts, mugs, etc. for you to buy and show friends back home, hey, I was there, Yellowstone and I navigated a journey though the Beartooth Mountains.

Many top restaurants are ready to serve delicious cuisine of all kinds in Red Lodge. Locals and visitors enjoy tasty cuisine at the Carbon Fork restaurant in downtown Red Lodge. Try their Huckleberry ice cream for dessert, so good. There’s a lot to love at the Carbon Fork.  Foster & Logan’s Pub & Grill on main street is another spot to have a good meal.

A special at Foster and Logan’s is a Folo’s Dog, a 1/4 pound all beef hot dog with extras for only $7.95.  Bogart’s serves a variety of Mexican food. The Rock Creek Resort (1-800-667-1119) is located a few miles south of Red Lodge on U.S. Highway 212. The nearby Old Piney Dell Restaurant and Bar is a favorite dining spot for locals. The restaurant has a very nice setting, along the banks of Rock Creek.

Favorite Red Lodge lodging:
⦁ Pollard Hotel (406) 446-0001
⦁ Blue Sky Cabins (406) 446-0186
⦁ Quality Inn (406) 446-4469  

Kids will go for the Montana Candy Emporium on Main Street in downtown Red Lodge. Old time candies and huckleberry delights sold here. Chocolates and hard candies too. So good!
So much to fun to be had in and around Red Lodge. Tacking an extra day on your visit to Yellowstone sounds like a good idea if spent in Red Lodge.

Travel tip:   West Yellowstone (pop. 1,365) is a third Yellowstone gateway town. It is located at the west entrance to Yellowstone, south of Bozeman.  Two other park entrances are in Wyoming, Jackson on the south and Cody on the east.

Travel tip:  Consult the Yellowstone’s Web site for dates when entrances open and close. The  Web site shows operating hours and seasons.

The National Park Service (NPS) wants visitors to have a good experience when visiting Yellowstone. To this end, NPS  offers a special App to help visitors plan travel in Yellowstone. As for activities in Yellowstone, managers say the the park has “something for everyone.”

Top lodging inside Yellowstone Park:  Old Faithful Inn, Lake Yellowstone Hotel, and Grant Village. Other lodging exists inside the park too. Lodging reservations inside Yellowstone are handled by Yellowstone National Park Lodges (866) 439-7375.

The entrance fee for Yellowstone is $35.00  per private non-commercial vehicle, 7-day pass, for the 2019 season. Still a bargain.

Plan ahead:  order a copy of Yellowstone Official Guide before you go.  Can’t get to Yellowstone. You can still get a gift(s) from Yellowstone General Store.  Tees, mugs, huckleberry jam, and more.

Read FAQ  from the National Park Service. NPS also provides a detailed map  of Yellowstone National Park.

Some tourists may be undecided on whether to visit Yellowstone National Park or Glacier National Park. The two parks are very different, so if you have to choose one over the other consider: Yellowstone is known for spectacular natural wonders and abundant wildlife, while Glacier is about unrivaled scenic landscapes, with towering mountains, glaciers and pristine alpine lakes.  Both parks offer fun and memorable activities.

Yellowstone National Park is far from major urban centers in the United States.  Even from Montana’s major cities, Yellowstone may be a long distance away; however, relatively short routes to Yellowstone begin from Billings or Bozeman.  A trip to Yellowstone is an experience of a lifetime. Go if you can!

Mileage to Glacier and Yellowstone Nat’l Parks

Montana Nat'l Parks
Mileage from major Montana cities to Glacier and Yellowstone Nat’l Parks. For each city mileage is computed to the closest park entrance. Glacier National Park entrances are at West Glacier and East Glacier. Yellowstone National Park entrances are at West Yellowstone and Cooke City.

Travel Safety

animal safety
Stay safe. Wild animals are dangerous and unpredictable. Infographic courtesy National Park Service.

Wild animals are dangerous. Visitors should always keep a safe distance. Park Administration officials say to stay at least 75 feet (25 yards/23 Meters) away from deer, mountain goats, elk, bighorn sheep, moose, and coyotes. Stay at least 300 feet (100 yards/91.4 meters) away from grizzly bears, black bears, and wolves. Never feed wild animals. Never approach wild animals. The safest way to view wild animals is from inside a car.

Yellowstone National Park is America’s first national park, founded on March 1, 1872. Yellowstone is located mostly in northwest Wyoming. Small parts of the park spill over into Montana on the north and west sides and Idaho on the southwest side.

Enjoy Yellowstone National Park.
Copyright © 2020 John Sandy

Leave a Reply

Yellowstone & Glacier